Tuesday, June 20, 2006

Work begins on Arctic seed vault - BBC news online

Svalbard (Global Crop Diversity Trust)
The Arctic seed vault will be built into mountain rock
In My Natural Disaster class this term, we were told that IF the earth had a natural disaster or cataclysmic event that affected the environment, the cycle of famine would begin Worldwide.

If a volcano erupted and ash got as high as the stratosphere the sunlight would be cut and cooling of more temperate areas would start. This feedback loop would affect then entire globe where crops are concerned. This interruption in the seasons, crops and harvesting of those crops would start a domino effect of worldwide famine.

At "this time" the earth only has 63 (Sixty Three) days grain stored for emergencies, that would not last long to feed the starving should a famine from disaster occur. Once the crop cycle was interrupted by disaster, it would be only a matter of time before millions upon millions of people would die from starvation. (i.e. take a look at the famine now taking place in the Phillipines due to the Mount Merapi vocano event as of late.)

It would take decades to restart a crop cycle that was stable and sustainable. Vocanic ash renders land unusable because of toxins in the discharge clouds, a volcanic eruption renders the land in that area un-farmable as well. Animals would die, crops would die and land would become useless. People would die...Think of how much food is imported from around the world - now consider the dangers of a global natural or cataclysmic event.

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Norway is starting construction on a "doomsday vault" in the Arctic which is designed to house all known varieties of the world's crops.

Dug into a frozen mountainside on the island of Svalbard, it is hoped the project will safeguard crop diversity in the event of a global catastrophe.

More than 100 countries have backed the vault, which will store seeds, packaged in foil, at sub-zero temperatures.

Prime Ministers from five nations helped lay the cornerstone on Monday.

Premiers from Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland attended the ceremony near the town of Longyearbyen, in Norway's remote Svalbard Islands, roughly 1,000 km (620 miles) from the North Pole.

Secure facility

Norway's Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg told the Norwegian news agency NTB: "The vault is of international importance. It will be the only one of its kind; all the other gene banks are of a commercial nature."

Infographic, BBC
Fenced in and guarded, with steel airlock doors, motion detectors and polar bears roaming outside - the concrete facility will, its backers say, be the most secure building of its type in the world.

Norway's Agriculture Minister Terje Riis-Johansen has called the vault a "Noah's Ark on Svalbard."

The vault's purpose is to ensure survival of crop diversity in the event of plant epidemics, nuclear war, natural disasters or climate change; and to offer the world a chance to restart growth of food crops that may have been wiped out.

At temperatures of minus 18C (minus 0.4F), the seeds could last hundreds, even thousands, of years. Even if all cooling systems failed, explained Mr Riis-Johansen, the temperature in the frozen mountain would never rise above freezing due to the permafrost on the mountainside.

Ultimate back-up

The Global Crop Diversity Trust, founded in 2004, will help run the vault, which is planned to open and start accepting seeds from around the world in September 2007. The bank is eventually expected to house some three million seeds.

Polar bear warning sign, Svalbard (Global Crop Diversity Trust)
This is polar bear country
"This facility will provide a practical means to re-establish crops obliterated by major disasters," Cary Fowler, executive secretary of the Global Crop Diversity Trust, said in a statement.

Fowler, who led a feasibility study on the project, said crop diversity was also threatened by "accidents, mismanagement, and short-sighted budget cuts".

Already, some 1,400 seed banks around the world, most of them national, hold samples of a country's crops. But these banks "can be affected by shutdowns, natural disasters, war or simply a lack of money," said Mr Riis-Johansen.

While Norway will own the vault itself, countries sending seeds will own the material they deposit - much as with a bank safe-deposit box. The Global Crop Diversity Trust will help developing countries pay the cost of preparing and sending seeds.

1 Comments:

Blogger Spencer said...

Sounds like a waste of time and money to me.

2:32 PM  

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